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Hybrid Entrepreneurship: Definitions, Types and Directions for Future Research


Marina SOLESVIK PhD, Professor


One of the possible ways to start a business is to combine both a paid job and self-employment, i.e. to become a hybrid entrepreneur. This is an interesting phenomenon that has recently attracted attention of entrepreneurship researchers and policymakers. The shifts in the labour market and a rise in non-standard forms of employment impel policymakers to develop programs to support emerging forms of entrepreneurship, such as hybrid entrepreneurship. An analysis of the hybrid entrepreneurship literature shows that this form of business is particularly popular among highly educated professionals in the high-tech and R&D sector. In the paper, the author analyses the existing research on hybrid entrepreneurship, clarifies definitions, considers two case studies of hybrid entrepreneurs, and proposes avenues for further research. The findings of the research indicate that hybrid entrepreneurs cannot be viewed as a homogeneous group. Some of them will always combine part-time self-employment with wage labour, whereas others will prefer to become full-fledged entrepreneurs. Each group has the right to exist and requires different sorts of support provided by governmental and non-governmental organizations.



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Solesvik M. Hybrid Entrepreneurship: Definitions, Types and Directions for Future Research. Upravlenets – The Manager, 2017, no. 4(68), pp. 2–13.